Introversion is the state of or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one’s own mental life. Therefore, an introvert is a person with qualities of a personality type known as introversion, which means a person who feels more comfortable focusing on their inner thoughts and ideas, rather than what’s happening externally. Introverts are typically perceived as more reserved or reflective. When you hear the word introvert, you might think of someone who’s shy or quiet and prefers to be alone. While that may be true for some introverts, there’s much more to this personality type. Some popular psychologists have characterized introverts as people whose energy tends to expand through reflection and dwindle during interaction. According to a psychologist Carl Jung, introverts turn to their own minds to recharge while extroverts seek out other people for their energy needs. People who are introverted may prefer to skip social events, but it’s because they feel more energized or comfortable doing things on their own or with one or two other people. They don’t choose to skip social events because they have strong negative reactions to larger gatherings the way that shy people do; they just prefer being alone or in very small groups.

Most people are not purely introverted or purely extroverted. They fall somewhere in the middle with characteristics of both. Some characteristics may be stronger, which is why people may self-identify as an introvert or extrovert. Your life experiences can significantly affect your personality, too. It’s possible to change or slide slightly on the spectrum throughout your life. You may learn to interact with others differently and reap rewards differently as an adult.

There is no need to change or alter your personality. No matter what, your personality is a wonderful part of who you are.

Signs you might be an introvert

In general, introverts are;

  • Are self reflective
  • Feel very comfortable being alone
  • Feel tired after being in a crowd
  • Retreat into their own mind to rest
  • Don’t like group work
  • Take time making decisions
  • Have few friendships, but are very close with these friends
  • Are self aware
  • Prefer to stay out of the spot light
  • Don’t always know what to say
  • Feel out of place in an extroverted society

Types of introverts

Thinking introverts: People in this group are daydreamers. They spend a lot of time in their thoughts and tend to have creative imaginations. As a thinking introvert, you don’t avert social situations and don’t mind the presence of other people.

Restrained/inhibited introverts: They prefer to think before they speak, tend to shy away from spontaneous situations and are very careful when making decisions. They aren’t likely to make a decision on a whim. Typically they take longer to take action.

Social introverts: They are often misconstrued as shy and timid in social settings but that’s not always the case. If you are socially introverted, it just means you prefer to be alone at home or go out with a few friends rather than party with a large crowd. In a nut-shell, social introverts like small groups and quiet settings over crowds.

Anxious introverts: In contrast to social introverts, anxious introverts purposely isolate themselves to avoid social spotlight, especially the unfamiliar ones. They feel painfully self-conscious around people as they may not be confident of comfortable with their social skills. They seek out alone time not just because they like it, but also because they often feel awkward or shy around people.

Causes of Introversion

Scientists don’t know for sure if there’s a cause for introversion or extroversion. What they do know is the brains of the two personality types work a little differently from each other. Researchers have found that introverts have a higher blood flow to their frontal lobe than extroverts do. This part of the brain helps you remember things, solve problems, and plan ahead. Introvert brains also react differently to dopamine than extrovert brains do. That’s a chemical that turns on the reward- and pleasure-seeking part of your brain. Introverts and extroverts have the same amount of the chemical, but extrovert brains get an excited buzz from their reward center. Introverts, on the other hand, tend to just feel run-down by it.


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