Menstrual cramps

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Menstrual Craps and Sugar
Menstrual Cramps medically known as Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, it refers to painful cramps occurring in the lower abdomen or pelvis during menstruation and is experienced by 60–70% of young women. Although dysmenorrhea is not considered a life threatening disorder, it may reduce quality of life and satisfaction as it can interfere with daily activities as well as familial or social relationships. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea, it also seems that high consumption of fish, fruits and fiber may reduce the intensity of menstrual pain and results indicate that adherence to “snacks” pattern is associated with an increased risk of moderate to severe dysmenorrhea during menstruation among young women
Some potential risk factors of dysmenorrhea are as follows:-
•Young age (less than 30 years old)
•Body Mass Index (BMI) less than 20
•Early menarche
•Aberrant menstrual flow
•Longer menstrual cycles
•Family history of dysmenorrhea
One of the well-known mechanisms for dysmenorrhea is the elevated release of prostaglandins into the uterine tissue once the menstruation begins. Normally at the beginning of a period, the endometrial cells that form the lining of the uterus produce large amounts of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are one of the more potent mediators that cause increased blood flow, blood vessel constriction, blood clotting, pain, chemotaxis (chemical signals that summon white blood cells), and subsequent dysfunction of tissues and organs. When these cells are broken down during menstruation, the prostaglandins are released. They constrict the blood vessels in the uterus and make its muscle layer contract, causing painful cramps. Some of the prostaglandins also enter the bloodstream, causing headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches and pains. In fact, all of the symptoms of PMS are linked, directly or indirectly, to the over production of inflammatory prostaglandins. Research has shown that the level of prostaglandins in women with menstrual pain is higher than that of women with little or no pain. In order to relieve menstrual pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) Are the most preferred medicines Used by women. The goal of treatment is to provide Adequate pain relief and reduction of symptoms with least adverse effects.
When you take a lot of sugar, your body produces a wide variety of inflammatory chemicals, including these prostaglandins, as a response to raised blood sugar levels. This is your body’s response to toxic agents, and as long as the they persist, prostaglandins will continue to be produced and add to the inflammatory process.
In summary, the higher the levels of prostaglandins in your body, the more painful and heavier your period. Sugar increases the level of prostaglandin in your body and you should avoid eating them for a relatively easier and pain free period.
The result of most research implies that diet, characterized by a high consumption of
•Salty snacks
•Tea and coffee
•Fruit juices
are associated with an increased risk of dysmenorrhea among young women.

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