How to handle heart attack when you are alone
A heart attack occurs when the coronary artery is blocked and blood cant reach the heart. This leads to the weakening and death of the heart muscles, leading to the damage of the heart and death eventually.
Many people will be on their own when they have a heart attack, hence it is important to know when to manage and help oneself when you feel or think you have a heart attack.
The blockage is most often build up of fat, cholesterol and other substances which forms a plague in the arteries which will rupture and will spill substances into the blood stream. When there is a rupture, if it is too large, the clot can completely block the blood flow of blood supply.
Expected experiences right before a heart attack
- Pressure, tightness, pain or a squeezing or aching sensation in the chest or arm that may spread to the neck, jaw or back (discomfort in the upper area of your body).
- Shortness of breath (with or without chest discomfort).
- Chest discomfort: this discomfort is usually in the middle or center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes. It usually goes and comes.
- Nausea and light-headedness.
- Cold sweat.
What to do when someone has a heart attack around you
- First call 911 or your country’s emergency number/code.
- Check if the person is breathing and has a pulse.
- If you are trained in CPR, then you can begin CPR, if not, give just compressions. ( 100-120 compressions per minute).
- However if your country is not developed enough to provide you with an emergency number, you can drive the person to the closest hospital.
What to do if you are alone and you feel like you are experiencing a heart attack.
- Call the emergency number of your country or call the hospital
- Do not drive yourself to the hospital
- Call a friend to come stay with you while you wait for an ambulance. However, he or she can drive you to the hospital if you are not able to reach the hospital.
- Chew or swallow your prescribed medication, if it is not the first experience.
- Chew and swallow an aspirin while waiting for emergency help. The aspirin helps in keeping your blood from clotting, when one is having a heart attack. However, if you are allergic to aspirins or have been warned by your doctor not to take aspirin please avoid it. Chew aspirin to enable it get into the blood stream faster.
- Unlock your front door to enable EMS come in when they arrive, just incase you cant open the door yourself.
- Sit comfortably against the wall or a firm furniture
- Relax and keep yourself warm.
- Try your best to remain as calm as possible.
- As soon as the paramedics arrive, they will start treatment to stabilize you, in order to prevent long-term damages to the heart while they quickly transfer you to the hospital.