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Newborn care is a term that describes the procedures and methods employed to advance a newborn baby’s health and wellbeing. It entails giving a newborn the most basic care possible, such as feeding, changing diapers, bathing, and making sure they are safe and at ease. Providing immunizations, keeping track of a newborn’s development and growth, and spotting any possible health issues are all included in newborn care. In order to promote the emotional bonding and connection with the baby and their caregivers, which is crucial for their emotional and cognitive growth, newborn care is also involved.

In the initial weeks and months of a baby’s existence, newborn care is crucial because they are more susceptible to a range of health issues and need extra attention and care. A baby’s healthy growth and development can be ensured with the right neonatal care, and it can also lay the groundwork for lifelong health.


Here are the 5 most aspects of newborn care

  1. Feeding

Since adequate nutrition is crucial for a newborn’s growth and development, feeding is a crucial part of newborn care. Infants need to eat regularly, usually every two to three hours. Try to feed your infant any time they show symptoms of hunger if you are breastfeeding. Follow the directions on the formula package for how much and how frequently to give if you are formula feeding. Keep in mind that every infant is different, and feeding schedules and volume can change. Be sure to contact your healthcare practitioner if you have any questions about your baby’s feeding. They can advise you on your baby’s particular requirements and make sure he or she is receiving the right nutrients for growth.

Here are a few suggestions for feeding a newborn:

  • For newborns, breastfeeding is advised as the best form of nutrition. It offers vital nutrients and antibodies that can aid in warding off disease in your infant. Try to breastfeed your baby whenever they exhibit signs of hunger
  • If you can’t or don’t want to breastfeed, formula feeding is a suitable substitute. All the elements required for your baby’s growth and development are included in formula. For information on how much and how frequently to feed, refer to the formula container’s directions.
  • Keep an eye out for indications that your infant is hungry, such as lip-smacking, fist-sucking, or rooting (turning their head toward your chest). Crying is a late hunger cue that can show your infant is already in serious need of food.
  • Breastfed infants typically get enough hydration from breast milk, but formula-fed babies may need to be given small amounts of water.
  • In the long run, overeating can lead to pain, spitting up, or even obesity. Keep an eye out for your baby showing indications of fullness, such as slowing down or turning away from the nipple, or sleeping.
  • Burping your infant after a feeding is crucial to help them expel any air they may have swallowed during the feeding. Gently pat your baby’s back while holding them straight on your shoulder or in a seated posture.


  1. Diapering

Changing your baby’s diaper regularly will keep him or her clean, dry, and comfy. Diapers need to be changed regularly for newborns, sometimes every 1-2 hours.

The following advice is on diapering for newborn care:

  • Gather all the necessary materials, such as diapers, wipes, diaper rash cream, and a changing pad, before you start diapering.
  • Newborns usually need their diapers changed 8–12 times per day. To avoid diaper rash and discomfort, change your baby’s diaper as soon as it becomes soiled or wet.
  • Newborns need small-sized diapers, usually ranging from size 0 to 3 months. To avoid leaks, make sure the diaper is tightly fitted around your baby’s thighs and waist.
  • Carefully clean your baby’s buttocks with wipes or a damp towel. To stop the spread of bacteria, be careful to wipe from front to back.
  • Apply diaper rash cream to your baby’s bottom if they have diaper rash to safeguard and soothe their skin.
  • Properly dispose of used diapers
  • Wash your cloth diapers in hot water with soap and bleach if you use them.


  1. Sleep

Sleep is essential for a newborn’s healthy growth and development. Although they rarely sleep for longer than a few hours at a time, particularly in the first few weeks of life, newborns usually sleep for 16 to 17 hours a day.

Here are some pointers for ensuring a newborn’s sleep:

  • Establish a relaxing sleeping atmosphere for the infant; it should be calm, dark, and cool. Avoid soft mattress, such as blankets, pillows, and stuffed creatures, and use a firm, flat mattress instead.
  • For a newborn, it’s crucial to create a regular sleep schedule because it can teach your child when to go to sleep. A relaxing bath, a massage, or bedtime tales are a few examples of this.
  • Babies frequently require assistance with slumber. You can try rocking, swaddling, or giving your infant a pacifier to calm them and get them to sleep.
  • Keep an eye out for signs of your infant getting tired, such as yawning, rubbing their eyes, or becoming fussy.
  • Adopt secure sleep practices, such as always putting your infant to sleep on their back and refraining from co-sleeping because it raises the risk of SIDS. (SIDS).


  1. Bathing

Especially for first-time parents, bathing an infant can be a little intimidating, but it’s one of the most crucial aspects of newborn care.

The following advice will help you bathe your newborn:

  • You should refrain from giving your newborn a full bath for at least two weeks after delivery, when the umbilical cord stump typically falls off. Instead, you can give your infant a sponge bath, wiping their face, neck, armpits, and diaper area with a wet washcloth.
  • Before you begin the bath, make sure you have all the supplies on hand, such as a fresh towel, washcloth, gentle baby soap, and a bowl or cup for rinsing.
  • Make sure the water is not too heated by testing the temperature with your elbow or wrist after filling the bathtub or basin with warm (not hot) water.
  • Gently wash your infant with a washcloth, being cautious not to scrub them too vigorously or get soap in their eyes. Clean water should be used to rinse your infant in a cup or bowl.
  • Support your infant’s head and neck with one arm, and their bottom and legs with the other. Keep a firm hold on your infant at all times as you gently lower them into the pool.
  • After you’re done, gently remove your child from the bath and cover them in a fresh towel. Pay close attention to your baby’s skin creases as you pat them dry.


  1. Crying

Newborns cry frequently, and it’s crucial to attend to their requirements right away. It is crucial to make an effort to comprehend what they need and respond appropriately because it is a typical aspect of newborn behavior and their main means of communication.

Here are some pointers for handling your newborn’s cries:

  • The first thing to do when your infant cries is to determine whether they are hungry, in need of a diaper change, or uncomfortable. • Newborns frequently cry because they need to be comforted, so it’s sometimes enough to simply satisfy their basic requirements to stop the crying. To calm your infant, try holding them close, rocking them gently, or giving them a pacifier.
  • Try holding your infant in various positions, such as cradling them in your arms, laying them on their stomach across your lap, or holding them up against your breast. Different positions can be soothing for different babies.
  • When your infant is crying, try to create a calm and quiet environment because newborns can easily become over stimulated. Play calming music, dim the lights, or take your infant for a stroll outside.
  • It can be difficult to provide for a newborn, so don’t be afraid to seek for assistance if you need it. If you require assistance or guidance, speak to your companion, family members, or a healthcare professional.


  1. Bonding

A crucial part of newborn care is bonding, which entails creating a mental connection between a parent and their child. After birth, it is a normal procedure that fosters feelings of security, love, and trust between the parent and the infant.

Following are some pointers to encourage parent-newborn bonding:

  • Skin-to-skin contact: Lay the infant skin-to-skin on the parent’s bosom. Breastfeeding is advantageous for the baby’s health as well as for the parent-newborn bond, as it serves to regulate the infant’s body temperature, heart rate, and breathing.
  • Look the baby in the eye and speak to them in a reassuring tone. This encourages a feeling of familiarity in the baby and aids in voice recognition.
  • React as soon as the baby gives a signal, such as crying, fussing, or cooing. This encourages the baby to feel secure and helps to develop confidence.
  • Try to spend as much time holding and cuddling the infant. This supports the baby’s feeling of comfort and security.